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Year 12 Preferred University Course Subject Prerequisites

Criminologists examine the systems by which people accused of crimes are brought to justice, attempt to explain the reasons for criminal behaviour and suggest ways crime might be reduced.

Criminologists may specialise in crime prevention, cybercrime, juvenile justice, policing strategies, economic crimes or corrections.

They may work in the legal field, ensuring laws keep up with changes in society.

They may also work in the social/psychological fields, studying the effects of the criminal justice system or the factors that contribute to offending behaviour by individuals.


    Criminologists may perform the following tasks:

  • study the ways in which certain criminal justice agencies operate, including the law courts, police services, prisons and community-based correction centres
  • analyse and interpret data received on the incidence of crime and the operation of the justice system
  • monitor new and emerging trends in offending and crime
  • provide information about crime and the ways in which people are processed by the criminal justice system
  • catalogue information about the possible causes of crime and the crimes committed
  • compile crime statistics and develop ways in which crime-solving resources can be most effectively used
  • analyse and develop crime policy and prevention strategies
  • evaluate all aspects of crime and the criminal justice system
  • research criminological issues such as those pertaining to offenders, victims of crime and sentencing


  • ability to think analytically and critically
  • personal integrity
  • interested in welfare and human behaviour
  • interested in working with disadvantaged groups

Interest Area

Medical Influencing/Personal Contact Figures/Computational


Year 12 Preferred University Course Subject Prerequisites

To become a criminologist you usually have to complete a degree in criminology, criminal justice, justice studies, legal studies or psychology. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your HSC/ACT Year 12 with English. A number of institutions in Australia offer degrees in these areas. Institutions have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact Open Universities Australia or the institutions you are interested in for more information as requirements may change.


Criminologists work in government departments, private industry or tertiary institutions.

Many universities employ criminologists as academics to teach criminology, legal studies, law and sociology, as well as to undertake their own research. Federal, state and territory justice agencies employ criminologists as research officers and policy advisers. They also work in agencies involved with policy, law reform, juvenile justice, crime statistics and adult corrections. These include the Australian Institute of Criminology, the federal Criminal Law and Law Enforcement Branch, police departments, courts and corrective institutions. Private welfare agencies and individual corporations such as specialist security firms also employ criminologists.

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More Information - External Links

Job Outlook for Criminologist Australian Institute of Criminology NSW Police Recruitment Branch

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