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Archaeologist

University Course Year 12 Preferred Subject Prerequisites

Archaeologists study past human societies by recovering, recording, analysing and interpreting material remains and other important evidence, such as cultural artefacts, food remains, skeletal remains, environmental evidence and landscapes.

Archaeologists may specialise in particular geographic regions or areas of study, such as the identification of animal skeletal or plant remains.

Archaeologists may work with a variety of people on excavations, including Indigenous groups, academics from related areas, technical staff, people who live in the vicinity of the archaeological sites, labourers and other workers under their direction.

Archaeologists are increasingly using technologies such as geophysical survey devices, geographic information systems (GIS), web-based communication platforms and global positioning system (GPS) devices.

Archaeologists work both indoors and outdoors, in varying locations across Australia and internationally.

TASKS

    Archaeologists may perform the following tasks:

  • liaise with Indigenous and non-Indigenous community groups
  • survey, map and record archaeological sites
  • organise and carry out excavations, field surveys and surface collections
  • clean, conserve, restore, reconstruct and display material found at archaeological sites
  • photograph or draw features and artefacts on site and during post-excavation analysis
  • analyse findings through a variety of means, including physical and chemical techniques and documentary research
  • document the information obtained from the findings in a concise report
  • advise individuals and groups on heritage matters, including conservation options and legal provisions
  • prepare material for publication

PERSONAL REQUIREMENTS

  • patient, determined and able to persevere
  • an eye for detail
  • enjoy science and history
  • enthusiasm for research
  • strong writing skills
  • aptitude for working with computers
  • able to work as part of a team
  • prepared to endure potentially rough and isolated living conditions for extended periods while involved in fieldwork
  • able to remain objective

Interest Area

Outdoor Literary Scientific Figures/Computational

EDUCATION & TRAINING


University Course Year 12 Preferred Subject Prerequisites

To become an archaeologist you usually have to complete a degree at university with a major in archaeology, followed by a postgraduate qualification in archaeology or cultural heritage. To get into the degree courses you usually need to gain your HSC/ACT Year 12 with English.

A number of universities in Australia offer degrees in these areas. Entry to postgraduate courses usually requires completion of an appropriate bachelor degree.

Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the universities you are interested in for more information as requirements may change.

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Traditionally, archaeologists were mainly employed as academics in universities and museums. Many archaeologists in Australia are employed in the cultural heritage management field and use their expertise to minimise the impacts of development projects on sites of cultural heritage significance. A variety of government departments, Indigenous groups and representative bodies employ archaeologists in this capacity, while some are employed as researchers in universities.

Although competition for positions is strong, in recent years there has been an increasing demand for qualified graduates. Most of this demand comes from cultural heritage firms working in the development industry. Undertaking voluntary work during your degree may increase the possibility of gaining a job in this field. Many universities offer field schools and volunteer or work placement opportunities to help students gain such experience.

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More Information - External Links

Job Outlook for Archaeologist Australian Archaeological Association Inc Heritage Council of NSW Museums and Galleries NSW


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