Supply and Demand for JobsFor various reasons, occupations change with time.
There are changes in availability, changes in the qualifications needed, and changes in the type and range of work done.
There are some jobs which can virtually cease to exist (e.g. Coachman or Blacksmith) and there are new ones that emerge and develop with new technology (Computer Programming & Servicing, WWW Designers).
Changing technology means changes in the work force and changes in the job market.
The availability of courses of training, or changes in the economy or in Government funding and policies also cause changes to the work force.
Such other factors as the age of the population, standard of living, amount of leisure time, ethnic background, etc., will also affect which jobs are available, and which skills would be useful.
Many TECHNOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENTS now used in the workplace are causing the worker to be trained to a much higher level than ever before.
Those firms which use such technology (i.e. computers) will want their workers to be able to understand that technology so that they will be able to work well with it. The type of person needed to cope with this technology is usually the one who has the higher qualifications.
In times of HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT, an employer is able to ask for (and get) higher educational standards from job applicants.
It is an easy way to eliminate a lot of applicants, especially for those "glamorous" jobs which might attract many applications.
Also, many employers might feel that if they can get a more qualified person than what they would usually get, then they are getting a good deal.
- Which of these do you consider to be growth areas, or shrinking areas, in Australia today?
- What factors do you think are causing such things to happen?
What industries or areas do you know of where there have been large scale redundancies?
Can you predict any more industries where this might happen?
What areas might be the real growth areas of the future?
What does the future hold for these jobs?
From what you know of the job market, classify these jobs as being:
Relatively Good, Fair, So-so, Poor, or Very Poor
to get started in.
Journalism; Banking; Teaching; Retailing; Leisure; Travel; Defence; Public Service; Mechanics; Secretarial work; Police Force; Computing; Hairdressing; Modelling; Catering; Nursing.
How would you rate the areas you might be interested in?
How far do you need to take your education?
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